Camp Lemonnier is the primary base of operations for U.S. Africa Command in the Horn of Africa. It is the only permanent US base in Africa; it was refurbished in 2001 and still active today at Dijibouti’s Dijibouti-Ambouli international Airport. This camp bears around 4,000 joint and allied forces military and civilian personnel and the US Department of Defense contractors while providing employment for 100 regional and third country nation workers. Camp Lemonnier sustains higher-level service in support of combat readiness and security of ships, aircraft, detachments and personnel for regional and combatant command requirements while also equipping operations in the Horn of Africa while still encouraging positive U.S.-African Nation relations. Camp Lemonnier is a U.S. Navy led base operated by Commander, Navy Region Europe, Africa, Southwest Asia via U.S. Naval Forces Africa and Commander, Navy Installations Command.
After the September 11, 2001 attack, the US main priority was to focus on anti-terrorism acts. In 2002, the Combined Joint Task Force-horn of Africa arrived off the coast in Dijibouti. Because Camp Lemonnier was in such bad shape then needing repairs, the CJTF-HOA remain on the USS Mount Whitney until Camp Lemonnier was bearable for the CJTF-HOA to live there in 2003; today, many people who deploy here are still living in the CLUvilles. When 2007 came along, the camp grew from 97 acres to around 500 where CLUvilles- Containerized Living Units- were built adding more people to the camp. The camp grew even bigger in 2013 with the help of $1.4 billion increasing special forces to more than 1,000.
Tenant units include the US Marine Security Forces, The CJTF-HOA commander and staff, a US Navy Seabee battalion, US Army units, and Civil-military operations.